Before you begin this lesson try a little experiment,
address a golf ball in your normal manner, rotate the
compact upper body into a short back swing movement.
From the end of the back swing movement, use your hips
to assist in forcing the compact upper body unit to
rotate into the down swing movement.
As the compact upper body rotates back to the original
address position, continue to maintain the triangular
shape of the upper body unit so that the upper body
unit is tightly together as a one piece unit whilst
the club head swings into and through the contact area.
It is absolutely vital that the elbows remain close
together thus holding the upper body unit firmly together
as a solid one piece unit as the club head swings through
the contact area.
The full swing should feel exactly the same,
i,e, a continual, seamless and accelerating rotational
movement of a very compact upper body unit, throughout
the down swing and into the follow through movement.
It is absolutely vital that you do not allow the very
compact upper body unit to deteriorate
until it is forced to do so at the very end of the golf
There are a few points
that I strictly adhere too as I perform the back swing
1) I hold the head firmly in the original address
position at all times.
( I do not allow the head to move laterally
back and forth.)
2) I rotate the shoulders and the arms, while
held together as if welded together to form a solid
one piece unit, until I have rotated the shoulders approximately
90 degrees away from the address position.
( A common fault is to simply lift the arms.)
3 ) I ensure that the club head moves immediately and
deliberately inside the parallel to the target line,
from the moment I begin the back swing movement.
( A lot of golfers take the club head straight
back instead of moving the club head inside the line
which creates a swing path that causes a slice.)
4) I hold the hips firmly
in the frontal facing position whilst totally resisting
any swaying movement of the hips as the upper body rotates.
(The lower part of my body hardly moves for
the majority of the back swing movement.)
5) I watch the back edge of the ball at all
6) I strictly maintain my upper body angles.
Before you hit a golf ball you have
to set yourself up correctly, the method of setting
yourself up correctly to perform this task is called
"The Still Mechanics" which is self explanatory.
Here are a few details of how to
perform this set up routine.
Back Swing Movement. (Set Up)
Stand fairly upright with the right shoulder slightly
lower than the left shoulder, the right elbow tucked
into the waist and the hands in a mid position.
Whilst holding the body in this position, draw
the elbows very close together also hold the chest,
the shoulder and the upper back muscles into a very
firm condition, thus forming the upper body unit into
a very solid compact unit.
If you wish to play very good golf, one of
the most important items is that you must not allow
any lateral movement of the head from the moment you
begin the back swing, right through to the end of the
follow through movement,
To enable you to understand how it feels to
keep the head very still as you perform the golf swing,
I have invented a device to train golfers to drastically
reduce any lateral movement.
This device can be purchased by simply clicking the
"buy" button at the bottom of the page of
the section on head
Whether you buy this device or not, I would
suggest you read the section on
"Head Position" before you begin this
Back Swing Movement.
on the back edge of the golf ball, rotate the upper
body unit into the back swing movement whilst holding
close together and ensuring that the shoulders and
the arms rotates as a solid one piece unit around the
central core of the spine whilst keeping the heel of
the left foot
firmly on the ground
As the upper body rotates into the back swing movement,
you must keep the club head square
to the ball position for as long as possible and
the hips held facing the frontal position for as long
(Keeping the club head square to the ball is not
the same as keeping the club head square to the target
line, because although the club head opens in relation
to the target line, it is still possible to keep the
club head square to the ball position for most of the
back swing movement .)
From the moment the club head begins to move away
from the address position, you must ensure that the
golf club begins to move inside the parallel to the
You must keep the forearms in a neutral position throughout
the back swing movement.
To clarify what I mean by keeping the left forearm in
a neutral position, the position of the left hand relative
to the left forearm at the address position must be
maintained to the end of the back swing movement.
You must not allow the forearms to rotate.
However as the upper body rotates around the central
core of the spine you must maintain the slight bend
in the legs - especially the right leg.
The upper body must not sway away from the central position
and to ensure this does not happen you must keep the
head in the original address position at all times,
but importantly, you must also hold the hips in the
frontal facing position for as long as possible.
(The right leg must not straighten during the back
Pete Cowen`s -"Axe Drill"- (When site comes
up, click on "home page" for the video.)
You will only perform a correct back swing movement
as long as you stop the hips from swaying away from
the centralised position and keeping the heel of the
left foot firmly
on the ground, nor allowing the head to sway away from
the original address position.
To further understand what I mean by not allowing
the forearms to rotate, carry out the following exercise:-
Hold your left arm so that your left elbow is touching
your waist and your left arm is pointing directly in
front of you thus creating a 90 degree angle of the
Keep the left arm held at this angle and ensure
that the back of the left hand is square to the target
area, and then whilst keeping the left elbow against
the waist and in the 90 degree position, sway the left
arm back and forth .
You will note that as long as you do not rotate the
forearms, the back of the left hand remains square to
the target area throughout the complete movement.
However if you allow the forearms to rotate
as the left arm sways back and forth you will note how
the left hand begins to rotate away from the upright
Therefore by keeping the forearms in this neutral
position and maintaining the slightly arched condition
of the left wrist throughout the back swing and the
down swing, your golf shots will become very accurate.
Do not allow the hips or the head
to sway away from the original address position.
( It is vital that the rotational movement of the
upper body unit causes the shoulders and the arms to
rotate as a single unit to the end of the back swing,
rather than simply lifting the arms to the end of the
back swing movement.)
As the back swing is performed you must ensure that
the elbows remain held as close together as is physically
You must fix the focus
of your eyes on the back edge of the golf ball at
the address position and maintain this intense focus
on the back edge of the ball throughout the back swing
movement, thus greatly assisting with the task of holding
the head in the original address position.
(I cannot stress too strongly
how important it is to maintain the focus of your eyes
on the back edge of the golf ball throughout the back
swing and the down swing and watch the spot the ball
where the ball was resting until well after the ball
has been struck.)
But also, throughout the back swing
movement you must keep the head firmly fixed in the
position where the left eye is well behind the ball
position - the head must not have any lateral movement
away from this fixed position at any point in the back
the upper body angles must be maintained throughout
the back swing movement and the hips must not be allowed
to sway away from the original address position.
But more important is that the swing
tempo of the back swing movement must be slow -
slower that you can possible imagine.
( There is no advantage in
making a fast back swing movement because at some point,
the upper body must come to a complete stop.
Therefore when it does reach the end of the back swing
movement, hold the shoulders at the end of the back
swing movement for a millisecond whilst the hips begin
to rotate towards the target area.)
It is vital that the elbows are held as close together
throughout the back swing movement.
Of the Back Swing Position.
At the end of the back swing movement the rotational
movement of the upper body unit has pushed the arms/golf
club as far as possible whilst the upper body unit has
been held firmly enough to only allow a slight independent
movement of the arms, thus allowing the left arm to
be across the chest and the shoulders should have turned
approximately 90 degrees away from the address position.
Whilst meanwhile, the muscles of the legs remain in
a firm condition thus resisting the right leg from straightening.
( Although the hips will have rotated away from
the frontal facing position, the hips must remain firmly
centralised over the centre of the stance until the
end of the back swing movement.)
At the end of the back swing movement the heel of the
left foot still
firmly on the ground.
Whilst the hips would have only rotated away from the
frontal facing position for a short distance,
the rotational movement of the upper body unit should
create a feeling of the whole body being coiled up like
a spring - but your eyes must be still focused on the
back edge of the golf ball.
During the back swing movement the
eventual rotation of the hips will cause the left knee
to move very slightly forward of the original address
position and similarly, the right knee to move very
slightly backwards of the original address position,
but importantly, the heel of the left foot remain firmly
planted on the ground, the muscles of the legs, the
thighs and the buttocks must remain in a firm condition
and the hips must remain firmly held over the centre
of your stance, thus putting up the maximum resistance
to the rotational movement of the upper body unit, whilst
meanwhile, the head remains firmly held in the original
address position where the left eye is well behind the
I cannot over emphasis that the hips
must not be allowed to sway away from the original address
position during the back swing movement, not even for
a fraction of an inch.
The elbows remain as close together as is physically
possible, the biceps are still held against the chest
cavity and the right elbow is held as close to the waist
as is possible, thus maintaining the shoulders and the
arms as a very compact unit with the golf club parallel
to the target line and the golf club resting on the
left thumb, but the whole body is now in a fully twisted
(Do not worry too much about achieving
the perfect back swing position, as long as you keep
both feet firmly on the ground, the muscles of the lower
body in a firm condition and the hips held over the
centre of your stance as the lifting of the arms cause
the compact upper body unit to rotate around the central
core of the spine, the core muscles will soon reach
their maximum thereby forcing the upper body unit to
stop rotating, but you must continue to maintain your
focus on the back edge of the golf ball.
As the torsion reaches its maximum, the weight of the
body begins to shift slightly on to the right foot but
the head remains firmly held in the original address
position and the hips remain centralised over the centre
of your stance.)
All these changes to your golf swing
will not happen "overnight" -- so remember,
the more you practice a new movement, the more natural
the movement will become.
However, only practice one new movement
at a time until the movement becomes
automatic, then you can move on to the next new
Therefore when you have fully absorbed
and thoroughly practiced the movements as described
within this lesson, proceed to Lesson 2, the "Upper
Body Turn" --- and learn how take complete control
of your golf shots.
The back swing movement will feel very
mechanical and wooden when first performed whilst holding
the upper body unit tightly together and also keeping
the muscles of the lower part of the body in a firm
condition in order to stop the hips from swaying away
from the ball whilst both feet remain firmly on the
However what you should immediately feel, is a sense
of independent movement of the upper body from the lower
body thus increasing the torsion of the muscles between
the upper part of the body and the lower part of the
body - but you must force the left arm to remain across
the chest and keep the upper body unit in a very compact
and totally passive condition as the hips begin to rotate
towards the target area, do this correctly and you will
achieve an increase in the accuracy of your shots.
Do not worry about generating enough
energy, because as long as you keep the elbows held
close together during the back swing movement and the
down swing- But during the down swing movement use the
rotation of the hips assist in forcing the compact upper
body unit to follow - you will generate sufficient power.
But importantly as the compact upper body unit
rotate around the central core of the spine you must
try to keep the right elbow against the body.
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